SharpShooter

Fall 2018 - Spring 2019

Mechanical Engineering Senior Design
Matt Oslin, Jake Welde, Karina Gunadi, Paul Flores, Miltos Kitsios, and Bennet Caraher

For our senior design project at Penn, we created a camera stabilization device for long exposure photography unlike any other available on the market.

 

Photographers require long shutter speeds to allow them to capture the desired shot in challenging scenes, such as in low light conditions or when high depth of field is critical. The problem is that tiny movements of the photographer’s hands during the exposure will blur to photo so much as to be unusable for shutter speeds over about 1/30 sec. Existing solutions for stabilization such as tripods, in body stabilization, and optical stabilization all fall short either due to their lack of portability or their severe exposure length limits.

 

Enter SharpShooter, a self-contained stabilization device that automatically activates when the user takes a photo. SharpShooter is inspired by reaction wheel attitude control systems used in satellites. By applying torques to internal flywheels in response to extremely small motion sensed by SharpShooter’s inertial measurement unit, the device actively corrects for the disturbances introduced by the user, just like noise-canceling headphones do for audio playback.

 

 

 

 

Many significant engineering challenges were tackled to make this idea reality. An extremely high level of responsiveness and performance was necessary to achieve exposures up to 2 seconds long. We developed precision reaction wheels through an iterative balancing and motor modeling process, including an optimization-based torque mapping methodology aimed to produce a model that is accurate in all regions of motor state space while efficient enough to compute at 600Hz on a microcontroller. Additionally, highly accurate gyroscope bias estimation was necessary to be able to accurately measure orientation deviations as small as 1/100 °. All of these subsystems then had to be tightly integrated into a package that was small and ergonomic enough for comfortable, on-the-go use by a photographer.

 

 

 

 

In a head-to-head benchmark test for 1 s exposures, SharpShooter outperformed all other handheld stabilization technologies on the market as compared by the quantitative S3 Sharpness Metric. The effect of the device was also clear in the motion experienced by the camera during an exposure and the qualitative impression of photos taken with and without the device active.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Our team was awarded the Couloucoundis Prize for Best Senior Design Presentation in Mechanical Engineering, and went on to receive 2nd place in the School of Engineering-wide Senior Design competition.